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Drupal .htaccess rewrite to Nginx rewrite

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Just ealry, I install a Nginx, PHP-fpm environment. But soon I found it's not support .htaccess, and the converter on internet can't convert all of them. So I just do it by myself...

It's already tested, if you got any problem, welcome to below reply.

The protect rules:

# Protect files and directories from prying eyes.
<FilesMatch "\.(engine|inc|info|install|make|module|profile|test|po|sh|.*sql|theme|tpl(\.php)?|xtmpl)$|^(\..*|Entries.*|Repository|Root|Tag|Template)$">
  Order allow,deny
</FilesMatch>

On nginx rewrite:

# Protect files and directories from prying eyes.
if ($document_uri ~ \.(?:engine|inc|info|install|make|module|profile|test|po|sh|sql|theme|tpl.php|tpl|xtmpl|svn-base)$) {
  return 403;
}
if ($document_uri ~ (?:code\-style\.pl|Repository|Root|Tag|Template|all\-wcprops|entries|format)$) {
  return 403;
}
if ($document_uri ~ Entries\.) {
  return 403;
}
if ($document_uri ~ /\.) {
  return 403;
}

If you need protect private file directory (Remember check the directory path.):

# Protect private files
if ($document_uri ~* ^/sites/default/privates/) {
  return 403;
}

 


 

Set gzip header for css and javascript:

    # Serve correct content types, and prevent mod_deflate double gzip.
    RewriteRule \.css\.gz$ - [T=text/css,E=no-gzip:1]
    RewriteRule \.js\.gz$ - [T=text/javascript,E=no-gzip:1]

    <FilesMatch "(\.js\.gz|\.css\.gz)$">
      # Serve correct encoding type.
      Header set Content-Encoding gzip
      # Force proxies to cache gzipped & non-gzipped css/js files separately.
      Header append Vary Accept-Encoding
    </FilesMatch>

 On nginx rewrite:

# Serve correct content types, and prevent mod_deflate double gzip.
# Serve correct encoding type.
# Force proxies to cache gzipped & non-gzipped css/js files separately.
location ~ \.css\.gz$ {
  gzip off;
  default_type text/css;
  charset utf-8;
  add_header Vary "Accept-Encoding";
  add_header Pragma "public";
  add_header Content-Encoding "gzip";

  # Rewrite URLs of the form 'x' to the form 'index.php?q=x'.
  if (!-e $request_filename) {
    rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php last;
  }
}
location ~ \.js\.gz$ {
  gzip off;
  default_type text/javascript;
  charset utf-8;
  add_header Vary "Accept-Encoding";
  add_header Pragma "public";
  add_header Content-Encoding "gzip";

  # Rewrite URLs of the form 'x' to the form 'index.php?q=x'.
  if (!-e $request_filename) {
    rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php last;
  }
}

 


 

Rewrite to index.php and rewrite css and js to gzip:

  # Pass all requests not referring directly to files in the filesystem to
  # index.php. Clean URLs are handled in drupal_environment_initialize().
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !=/favicon.ico
  RewriteRule ^ index.php [L]

  # Rules to correctly serve gzip compressed CSS and JS files.
  # Requires both mod_rewrite and mod_headers to be enabled.
  <IfModule mod_headers.c>
    # Serve gzip compressed CSS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-encoding} gzip
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.gz -s
    RewriteRule ^(.*)\.css $1\.css\.gz [QSA]

    # Serve gzip compressed JS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    RewriteCond %{HTTP:Accept-encoding} gzip
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME}\.gz -s
    RewriteRule ^(.*)\.js $1\.js\.gz [QSA]
  </IfModule>

On nginx rewrite:

location / {
  # Rules to correctly serve gzip compressed CSS and JS files.
  # Requires both mod_rewrite and mod_headers to be enabled.
  if (-f $request_filename.gz) {
    # Serve gzip compressed CSS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    rewrite ^(.*)\.css$ $1.css.gz last;
    # Serve gzip compressed JS files if they exist and the client accepts gzip.
    rewrite ^(.*)\.js$ $1.js.gz last;
  }

  # Pass all requests not referring directly to files in the filesystem to
  # index.php. Clean URLs are handled in drupal_environment_initialize().
  if (!-e $request_filename) {
    set $tester "F";
  }
  if ($document_uri !~* /favicon.ico) {
    set $tester "${tester}F";
  }
  if ($tester = "FF") {
    rewrite ^/(.*)$ /index.php last;
  }
}

 


 

That's the drupal basic rewrites, maybe there are better version, if so, please let me know, thanks.

Don't forget test it, and make it affect:

nginx -t
/etc/init.d/nginx reload

Hope this can help you.

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回應

lista's 的頭像

I got a good information about drupal with nginx: https://github.com/perusio/drupal-with-nginx

The settings for high performance, better for nginx. But convert from drupal .htaccess.

奇蹟的公式等於萬千努力加上決不放棄 by 凱琳.賽拉菲姆

lista's 的頭像

I found part of protect files and directories on rewrite start has issue.

I only check the uri, didn't check the file exists or not.

So.......if path include keyword, it will return forbidden.

# Protect files and directories from prying eyes.
if (-e $request_filename) {
  set $tester "F";
}
if ($document_uri ~* \.(?:engine|inc|info|install|make|module|profile|test|po|sh|sql|theme|tpl.php|tpl|xtmpl|svn-base|bak)$) {
  set $tester "${tester}M";
}
if ($document_uri ~* (?:code\-style\.pl|Repository|Root|Tag|Template|all\-wcprops|entries|format)$) {
  set $tester "${tester}M";
}
if ($document_uri ~* Entries\.) {
  set $tester "${tester}M";
}
if ($document_uri ~* /\.) {
  set $tester "${tester}M";
}
if ($tester ~ ^FM) {
  return 403;
}
set $tester "";

# Protect private files
if ($document_uri ~* ^/files\-private/) {
  return 403;
}

Here is the new code, I add the file exists check.

奇蹟的公式等於萬千努力加上決不放棄 by 凱琳.賽拉菲姆